SMP-1405 | Integrated aqua-agriculture using brackish groundwater in Egypt

admin2014, Aquacultuur, Egypt, Kernthema Klimaatneutraal, Missie A, Project, SMP-projecten

Projecttitel: Integrated Aqua-Agriculture using Brackish groundwater in Egypt
Projectnummer: SMP-1405
Kernthema: Resource Efficiency
Looptijd: 2014
Budget: € 35.000
Projectleider: Andries Kamstra
Kennisinstelling: Wageningen UR
Projectpartners: EKN, Nutreco, TilAqua, Wadi Food Company.


  • Egypt has a strong need for knowledge to develop aquaculture and agriculture methods which use less water and can handle brackish water, preferably in an integrated way
  • Viable business cases need to be identified and tested for integrated systems
  • These integrated systems must be able to operate in vulnerable and precious ecosystems.

Egypt has become one of the world-leaders in fish farming but relies to a large extent on freshwater from the Nile. Agriculture is in general one of the largest users of freshwater in Egypt and needs to cope with water scarcity and salinisation. However, the desert holds large quantities of brackish water which could be an interesting alternative source of water. The fragile environment of the desert and the limited availability of this water necessitates re-use of water and nutrients. Integration of Aquaculture and Agriculture was shown to be an interesting business proposal in a pre-feasibiliy study of DLG/Alterra/IMARES in spring 2013. However, there are still many questions to be solved using research input from both fields.

Aim(s) of the project

  • The overall aim of this project is to develop an extensive (4 M€) proposal for “Sustainable Water Fund (FDW)” or “Facility for Sustainable Entrepreneurship and Food Security (FDOV)”

Sub aims are:

  • To find private parties both on the Dutch and Egyptian side willing to participate in the project
  • To identify and describe the role of the Egyptian government in the project
  • To design a pilot system for IAA and develop a monitoring system for a new project and existing activities in the field of IAA
  • To identify and describe field research on aquaculture and agriculture needed to develop IAA and to develop cooperation with Egyptian research parties to execute this research
  • To develop an outline of a bio-economic model for IAA which can be used in design and assessment of the many options
  • To develop a strategy for dissemination of results which targets viable business cases
  • To develop a management structure for the project



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